Holocaust Teacher Resource Center

HOLOCAUST TEACHER RESOURCE CENTER
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The Ghettos

BOOKS

  • Yitzhak Arad, Ghetto in Flames: The Struggle and Destruction of the Jews of Vilna (KTAV).
  • Lucjan Dobroszycki, ed., The Chronicle of the Lodz Ghetto (Yale University Press).
  • Deborah Dwork, Children with a Star (Yale).
  • Yisrael Gutman, The Jews of Warsaw 1939-1943 (Indiana University Press).
  • Shimon Huberband, Kiddush Hashem: Jewish Religious and Cultural Life in Poland During the Holocaust (Yeshiva University Press).
  • Chaim Kaplan, The Warsaw Diary of Chaim Kaplan (Collier).
  • William W. Mishell, Kaddish for Kovno: Life and Death in a Lithuanian Ghetto 1941-1945 (Chicago Review Press).
  • Emmanuel Ringelblum, Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto (Schocken).
  • Gertrude Schneider, Journey into Terror: The Story of the Riga Ghetto (Ark House).
  • Hersh Smolar, The Minsk Ghetto (Holocaust Library).
  • Zvi Szner and Alexander Sened, Editors, With a Camera in the Ghetto (Schocken).
  • Isaiah Trunk, Judenrat: The Jewish Councils in Eastern Europe Under Nazi Occupation (Stein and Day)

AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIAL

A Day in the Warsaw Ghetto – A Birthday Trip in Hell
30 minutes
Recommended for junior high school grades and up.
In 1941 a Wehrmacht Sergeant celebrated his 43rd birthday by illegally photographing inside the Warsaw Ghetto. The photographs were hidden for over 40 years, until he knew he was dying. The filmmaker has done a masterful job in combining the pictures with readings from ghetto diaries, Yiddish songs, and klezmer music.

A Tale of Two Ghettos
17 minutes, color, narrated by Eli Wallach and Helen Hayes
Recommended for junior high school grades and up.
After the Latvian Jews were rounded up, they were put into the Riga Ghetto for 35 days. The Nazis and the Latvians then took the old men, women and children into the surrounding forest and killed them, making room for the Jews being deported from Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia. The only Latvian Jews remaining in the Riga Ghetto were able-bodied men who could work.

Kovno Ghetto: A Buried History
100 minutes
This film tells the story of the Jews of Kovno from the beginning of the war to the annihilation of the ghetto before the city’s liberation.

The Story of Chaim Rumkowski and the Jews of Lodz
55 minutes, 16 mm, black and white
Recommended for ages 14 and up.
A compelling documentary about how the Lodz ghetto was administered by Rumkowski under the control of the Nazis. In order to facilitate the destruction of Poland’s Jews, the Germans forced them to establish Judenrats (Jewish councils) responsible for ghetto administration. Through the use of terror, manipulation, and humiliation, the Germans forced the Jews to perform duties which would otherwise have necessitated large numbers of German personnel.

The Warsaw Ghetto
51 minutes, videotape, black and white
Recommended for junior high school grades and up.
Narrated by a ghetto survivor Alexander Bernfes, this video includes the creation of the ghetto, the early Nazi propaganda (Jews living in relative luxury in the ghetto), everyday scenes, and the final weeks of resistance.